Study looks at similarity of students who do well

Study looks at similarity of students who do well Science versus public policy in education

Learning to read and understanding what you read may have a lot to do with the genetics of younger students who also excel at both reading and math skills. A recent study of 3,000 twins points to their genes as being more important than other elements in those students success when it comes to reading and math. The study was reported in Nature Communications. Although some educators say the study doesn’t point out the specific genes involved among the young students which should limit the role of the study when developing public policy in education.

In previous study’s researchers for suggested that both nature and nurture had equal impact on students.

The new research suggests a substantial overlap between the genetic variations that influence mathematics and reading, say scientists from UCL, the University of Oxford and King's College London.

But non-genetic factors - such as parents, schools and teachers - are also important, said Prof Robert Plomin of King's College London, who worked on the study.

"The study does not point to specific genes linked to literacy or numeracy, but rather suggests that genetic influence on complex traits, like learning abilities, and common disorders, like learning disabilities, is caused by many genes of very small-effect size," he said.

For more information on this story go to http://www.bbc.com/news/health-28211676.

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